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What is the most common food allergy in humans?

Nov 15, 2017

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In the United States, an estimated 40 million to 50 million Americans suffer from some kind of allergies. These are devastating conditions interfere with your day-to-day activities and ruin your quality of life.

It comes in many forms

Your body reacts to allergies when your immune system perceives a certain substance as harmful. This defensive reaction causes an allergic reaction. Allergens such as drug, food, insect, latex, mold, pet and pollen cause the allergic reactions. Sometimes allergies are seasonal, others are year-round; while some allergies last a lifetime. Food allergies are the most common forms.

Most common food allergy in humans

  • Egg allergy

During childhood, egg allergy is most common although they outgrow it by the time they are 3. In some cases, egg allergy is due to anaphylaxis. Cooking destroys these allergens, but not the others. Some people react not only to raw eggs but also cooked eggs. Known as a bird-egg syndrome, these people are also allergic to any kind of poultry products.

  • Fish allergy

Allergy to fish causes serious severe reactions, like anaphylaxis. Adults are more allergic to fish and shellfish than children as they eat these foods more often. Fish allergens are not destroyed by cooking; there are people who are allergic to cooked but not uncooked fish.

  • Milk allergy

Cows' milk allergy is the most common childhood allergy. An allergy results even from little amounts of mother’s milk or dairy products she has eaten. One/fifth of children with milk allergy will continue to have an allergy to cows' milk as adults.

  • Nut allergy

Allergy from nuts coming from trees lasts a lifetime. Eating these nuts can cause an allergy - almond, Brazil nuts, hazel, walnuts etc. On rare cases, all types of nuts can bring about anaphylaxis in sensitive people. It happens that people are allergic to different kinds of nuts.  People with nut allergies must consult their doctors.

  • Peanut allergy

Allergy to peanuts is a lifelong malady. Peanuts are one of the most common causes of food allergy and can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. Neither cooking nor roasting can destroy the allergens in peanuts. Coming in contact with traces of peanut can be enough to cause a reaction in people who are sensitive.

  • Shellfish allergy

Shellfish of different types can cause allergy to sensitive people. This includes clams, crabs, crayfish, lobster, mussels etc. People who are allergic to one type of shellfish often find that they react to other types. Some people can even react to the vapors coming from cooking shellfish.

  • Soybean allergy

Soybean allergy is a common childhood allergy; however, at the age of 2, most people outgrow the allergy. Occasionally soybean is the case of adult’s allergy. The symptoms of soybean allergy include diarrhea, stomach cramps, rashes, vomiting and etc,

  • Wheat allergy

Babies are more sensitive to wheat allergy than grown-ups. One of the main allergens in wheat is gliadin, a kind of protein contained in gluten. People who are allergic to wheat are advised to eat a diet that is gluten-free.

People with food allergies need to consult their doctor before changing their diet. Some food allergies continue while others get better over time. If you think you have an allergy to any type of food, should consult your doctor for a better diet.